Cybersecurity threats can now affect even the most prominent enterprises with the most powerful IT systems. As a result, it’s vital to check your software and IT systems, and apps for flaws or risks on a regular basis. Penetration testing is among the most efficient tactics to achieve this. IT assessment services companies rely on penetration testing to examine how effective a company’s cybersecurity threat mitigation system is.
A penetration test, sometimes known as a “pen test,” is a method of evaluating an IT system’s cybersecurity by mimicking an assault in an attempt to discover flaws. “Ethical hacking” is another term for pen testing. This approach is frequently used to enhance web server defenses when it comes to web app security (WAFs). Pen testing provides more protection to security checks, which merely disclose the holes in an IT network.
What are the steps involved in Penetration Testing?
There are five steps involved in penetration testing
1. Reconnaissance and planning
The initial stage is to define the priorities of a pen test, which comprises the platforms that should be evaluated and the test procedures to be used. This step gathers information or “intelligence” about email systems, domain, and server names to seek a comprehensive view of a program’s or app’s known threats.
2. Scanning of the Network
Following the data collection and planning step, monitoring techniques determine how the operating system will respond to various incursions. The code analysis of a program might be static or dynamic. Since it provides real-time insights into how a program operates, the latter monitoring approach is frequently more illuminating.
3. Acquiring Permission
Web server exploits like rootkits, Command injection, and cross-site programming are used at this step to disclose a victim’s weaknesses. These flaws can then be abused by monitoring networks, data theft, or altering permissions to see what kind of destruction they can do and how much impact they can cause.
4. Keeping Access Open
The primary goal of this step is to imitate APTs, which can stay in an IT architecture for long and steal a business’s most confidential data.
The last step of penetration testing entails reviewing all of the findings and compiling them into a summary that includes the following information:
- What weaknesses have been found and exploited?
- What classified information was harmed?
- How long did the test remain undetected in the IT framework?
This insight is then used by an organization’s managed computer services provider to change WAF parameters and avoid further assaults.
Some Popular Penetration Testing Techniques
To obtain critical data, this penetration testing technique targets the “outer layer” of a company’s IT system. This covers the site, web domain computers, and private emails of the organization.
An interior test is one where a tester imitates an insider assault. This encompasses both staffs of the company who have purposefully infiltrated a database and company staff who have been the targets of ransomware assaults.
A blind test, as the name implies, is one in which the tester only knows the target organization’s name and no details about its IT systems or applications. Security personnel can watch a mimicked cyber assault on a real-time basis during blind testing.
Double Blindfold Pen Testing
Only a few individuals in a corporation are aware that a mock attack is taking place; most are unaware. These assessments usually give companies the shortest time to react.